Article Type: Original Article

Title:  Availability, Utilization of Iodized Salt, Status of Iodine Deficiency Disorder and Level of Iodine Content at Households’ Salt among Coastal Areas of Population in Villupuram District, Tamil Nadu, India

Year: 2021; Volume: 1; Issue: 1; Page No: 12 – 20

Authors:  Senthilvel Vasudevan1, Murugan Natesan2

Affiliations: 1Assistant Professor of Statistics, Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Pharmacy, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Science, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. 2Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Kalapet, Pondicherry, India.

Abstract:

Background:  Iodine deficiency disorder is a common public health problem in developed and developing countries.  Worldwide, nearly 70% of the households only using adequate iodized salt in their regular food.  To estimate the household salt utilization, the prevalence of goiter, the status of iodine deficiency disorder, and to find the iodine level at household level in the study areas.

Materials and Methods:  We have done a community-based observational study on IDD in the coastal areas of Villupuram District, Tamil Nadu with examined households salt in 1233 households in selected eight villages.  All data were analyzed using the Chi-Square test.  p–value<0.05 was considered as statistically significant.

Results:  Totally 1233 households were recruited and incorporated in this study.  Among 1233 households, male 385 (31.2%) and female 848 (68.8%).  The male and female age-group was showed a statistically highly significant association with p<0.01. Out of 1233 individuals, 141 (11.4%) were found as total goiter.  The prevalence of goiter was 105 (12.4%) in females than male was 36 (9.4%) and no statistical association between gender among goiter prevalence (p>0.05).

Conclusion:  From our present study findings, we have concluded that the majority of the study population was used iodized salt in their regular food.  But, very less adequately iodized salts were available nearby study areas.  Nevertheless, the majority of the households didn’t know about the benefits of the usage of iodized salt.  Health education is needed for the shopkeepers and local vendors.  This will be conducted by non-Governmental organizations, Government organizations, and other nearby medical colleges.

Keywords: household salt, utilization, iodine, iodine deficiency disorder, coastal areas

Source of funding:  We didn’t get any kind of funding from the parent institution or any other financial institutions or organizations.  We didn’t give any incentives to the study participants;

Conflict of interest:  The authors are not having any type of conflict of interest in the study.

Corresponding Author: 
Dr. Senthilvel Vasudevan,
Assistant Professor of Statistics, Department of Pharmacy Practice,
College of Pharmacy, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Science,
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Email ID:  vasudevans@ksau-hs.edu.sa

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